Normandy Campaign History
The campaign in North West Europe opened with the landings by Allied Forces in Normandy on 6th June 1944. Airborne landings were made by one British and two American divisions, with seaborne landings being made by two British, one Canadian and elements of three American divisions.
Order of Battle and Command Structure
The British and Canadian forces, together with Polish, Belgian and Dutch formations, all served under the 21 Army Group, which commanded all the British, Canadian and other European formations that participated in the campaign in North West Europe. In addition, there were some American formations under command at different times.
Apart from the initial landings, 21 Army Group comprised two Armies, 2nd Army and the 1st Canadian Army. There were four Corps of the British Army within 2nd Army and one from the Canadian Army deployed in the campaign:
I Corps – D Day
3rd Canadian Infantry Division: D-Day.
2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade: D-Day.
Other units under I Corps Command on D-Day
VIII Corps: activated on 15th June 1944
XII Corps: activated in June 1944
XXX Corps: D-Day
II Canadian Corps: activated on 12th July 1944
4th Canadian Armoured Division.
2nd Canadian Infantry Division.